Chan Meditation/參禪

The Chan School (禪宗) is a form of Chinese Buddhism since the 6th century and subsequently spreaded to the rest of East Asia (Japanese: Zen; Korean: Seon; Vietnamese; Thien).

There are many important Chan Meditation Masters or Zen Meditation Masters, and Venerable Master Hsuan Hua is definitely an influential Meditation Master in the last century. Guiyang school of Chan (溈仰宗) is one of the five main Chan Schools in China. Elder Master Hsu Yun, the eighth lineage holder, named Venerable Master Hsuan Hua as the ninth lineage holder of Guiyang, and the forty-fifth generation since Mahakashyapa(摩訶迦葉), one of the principal disciples of Buddha who convened and directed the first council. Hsuan Hua stands for "Proclaim and Transform."

禪宗,是2500年前,釋迦牟尼尊者在靈山法會以佛心印心的方式,傳給禪宗初祖摩訶迦葉尊者。爾後才由摩訶迦葉尊者創立禪宗門派,直至第28代禪宗祖師菩提達摩方傳至中國,到六祖惠能大師首次普傳,才有後來禪宗五大教派:臨濟宗、法眼宗、曹洞宗、雲門宗、溈仰宗。

歷史上有很多重要的禪師,宣化上人是近代一位重要的大德。虛雲老和尚是溈仰宗第八代接法人。他把法脈傳給宣化上人,為溈仰宗第九代接法人,摩訶迦葉初祖傳承的第四十五代。宣化上人致力於把佛法傳到西方國家。

Preface
代序


Put everything down. Let no thought arise.
萬緣放下,一念不生

Biography of Master Hsuan Hua
宣化上人簡傳

What is Chan?
什麼是禪?


Concentrating on a focal point is the key to success in everything
制之一處無事不辦

Twirling a flower, the Buddha revealed the mind-to-mind seal
拈花示眾以心印心

Only quiet contemplation can initiate Chan
靜慮才能夠有禪

Thought cultivation eliminates false thinking
思惟修減少妄想

Silencing the mind reveals our wisdom
頓悟無生知見力

The flavor of lightness and ease is infinitely wonderful
輕安滋味妙無窮

How to Investigate Chan - Sitting Meditation
如何參禪 - 關於打坐


The vajra posture quells demons
金剛坐降天魔

Full-lotus posture makes it easy to enter samadhi
跏趺坐易入定

Once your legs no longer ache, you have really begun investigating Chan
腳不痛才是正式參禪

Sit straight without leaning
端然正坐不偏不倚

Sweet dew cures many illnesses
甘露水治百病

Eyes contemplate nose. Nose contemplates mouth. Mouth contemplates heart
眼觀鼻,鼻觀口,口觀心

Heat, Summit, Patience, First in the World
煖、頂、忍、世第一

Subduing guest-dust afflictions is like letting muddy water settle
降伏客塵五欲沉底

Investigate Chan while walking, standing, sitting and reclining
行住坐臥都在參禪

Concentrate! Persevere!
專心一致堅忍不屈

Sit like a big bell, walk like a light breeze
坐如鐘,行如風

As skill increases, afflictions decrease
功夫日增煩惱日減

Sitting in meditation is like unraveling a silken cocoon
打坐如抽絲剝繭

Sit perfectly still, generates more merit than building pagodas of the seven gems
勝造恆沙七寶塔

The States of Chan
禪的境界


The States of the Four Dhyanas
四禪的境界

Merging with the great void, we have a sudden breakthrough
太虛合一豁然貫通

When sitting in meditation, do not seek for spiritual penetrations
坐禪不要求神通

Demonic power causes you to think of retreating
魔力令你生退心

States may be false or true
境界是假是真

As soon as you cultivate the spiritual path, demons will appear
修道就有魔

If we awaken to what we see, we can transcend the mundane world
見事省事出世間

With samadhi power, we need not fear demons
有定力不怕魔

By neither hurrying nor slacking off, we will succeed
不緊不慢才成功

Do not be moved by sounds
不要被音聲所轉

Do not harbor thoughts of hatred and love
不要有憎愛的心

No matter what happens, remain in unmoving suchness
任何境界如如不動

Q&A on Chan
禪的問答


When we sit in meditation, what should our mind contemplate?
打坐時心裏應觀想什麼?

What is the difference between entering samadhi and sleeping?
入定和睡覺有什麼不同?

What are the basics to Chan meditation?
坐禪基本的方法是什麼?

What happens when we feel pain during meditation?
坐禪痛了怎麼辦?

Meditators see illusions, as most people would call them. Could you please explain this phenomenon that occurs during meditation?
禪坐時見到一些現象,想知道真境與識心作用之別?

What is the primary purpose of meditation?
禪坐的主要目的是什麼?

More Q&A

Why Investigate Chan?
為什麼要參禪?


When thoughts cease, confusion ends.
意不顛倒不再糊塗

Freedom over birth and death is freedom to come and go
生死自由來去自由

The great functioning of the entire substance is clearly understood
全體大用了然明白

By investigating Chan and sitting in meditation, we can gain enlightenment
參禪打坐才能開悟

We want to learn how not to be attached to self and others
從此不落人我相

Meditation and samadhi are vital to our Dharma-body
打坐入定法身復活

Sitting long brings Chan, which cleanses and purifies the mind
久坐有禪清淨其心

Ten Benefits of Chan
禪的十種利益


Adhering to practices that bring peaceful dwelling
安住儀式

Using kindness in what we do
行慈境界

The absence of the heat of regret
無悔熱

Safeguarding the sense faculties
守護諸根

Knowing the joy of non-eating
得無食喜

Being apart from emotional love and desire
離愛欲

Cultivating will not be done in vain
修禪不空

Remaining free of demonic karma
解脫魔業

Dwelling peacefully in the Buddha’s realm
安住佛境

Gaining complete liberation
解脫成熟

How to Investigate Chan - The Meditation Topic
如何參禪 - 關於參話頭


Fighting poison with poison, a false thought stops false thoughts
以毒攻毒,以妄制妄

Go with care. Avoid demonic possession
不可一日著魔

Concentrate on a single meditation topic
一個話頭專心參究

Let not a single thought arise. Be mindful of the present
一念不生念茲在茲

Be as a cat is when stalking a mouse. Be as a dragon is when guarding its pearl
參禪如貓捕鼠、龍養珠

Our meditation topic works like the Headband-tightening Mantra
參話頭是緊箍咒

If you are apart from this, you have gone amiss
離了這個便是錯過

Sweep away all dharmas. Separate from all marks
掃一切法離一切相

Contemplate at ease to find wisdom
觀自在是天堂

When we gain the One, all things are done
得一萬事畢

The Koans of Chan
禪的公案


A Golden Pagoda, a Silver Pagoda, a Muddy Heap
金塔與銀塔

Seeking a method to avoid death
不死之法

Enlightenment must be certified before it counts
開悟要印證才算數

How Chan meditation can halt the process of birth and death
參禪能控制生死

The mind of Elder Master Wei Shan did not move
溈山老人不動心

An old monk in meditation is worth ten thousand taels of gold
老僧一打坐,能消萬兩金

Do not be attached to states
不要執著境界

Chan Meditation - It is Hard! It is Easy!
參禪──難耶?易耶?

Neither coming nor going
不來亦不去

The Three Cart Patriarch
三車祖師

Cast aside birth and death
生死要置之度外

Verses on Chan and Chan Potential
禪偈與禪機


Clue about Chan Samadhi Innocence found
禪定要訣頌

Wonderful Truth In Us All
天空地闊

Topple Mount Sumeru
須彌推倒

An Intensive Course
共學無為

Return of Spring
大地回春

Self-portrait of Hsuan Hua Sitting in Chan
宣化坐禪圖

Playing a Flute Without Holes
吹無孔笛

Walk with Me
無喜無憂

Vajra Seed to Bodhi Sprout
播金剛種

Who will there be?
提起放下

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